Flight School in NJ – A Guide to Aircraft Fuels
Aviation fuel is a mix of petroleum fuel combined with chemical additives to ensure the engine runs smoothly and safely at high temperatures and in icy weather. Here is a quick guide to types of aviation fuel, from Monmouth Executive Airport.
- Jet fuel: This is a straw-colored combustible made of high-purity kerosene, a similar fuel type to diesel. Jet-A is a type of jet fuel that is manufactured to meet specific standards to meet the specifications for jet turbine engines.
- Avgas: This is a group of fuels that is used in spark-ignited combustion engines, like reciprocating or Wankel engines. The different types of Avgas each have different octane ratings and are dyed different colors to differentiate their uses. Green is Avgas 100 (100/130 Octane), blue is Avgas 100LL (a low lead replacement fuel with 100/130 Octane) and red is Avgas 80 (80/87 Octane). Avgas 100LL is the most common fuel type in this category as it can be used in the widest range of engines.
- Sustainable fuels: As with motor vehicles, there has been a drive in the last few decades to develop more sustainable, eco-friendly and more affordable aircraft fuel. Biofuels are available in the form of biomass-to-liquid fuels like E85/biodiesel, compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquified natural gas (LNG) fuels.
Safety procedures and systems need to be in place and strictly enforced to ensure that aircraft can be refueled efficiently and safely. This means that the right procedures and codes need to be followed at the airport to supply the aircraft through high-volume pump systems that provide clear and accurate readings. Aircraft also must be electrically bonded and often grounded to the fueling apparatus before fueling begins to ensure that static electricity buildup is properly dissipated and there is no risk of sparking that may cause an explosion.
Learn to Fly and Operate an Aircraft Safely and with Confidence at Our Flight School in NJ
Now is the perfect time to learn more about flying, maintaining and operating an aircraft – and Monmouth Executive Airport’s flight school in New Jersey will help you get there. A safe, stress-free airport with uncrowded airspace and the longest private runway in the country, our airport offers you an opportunity to really relax and experience the joy of flight – a unique experience for flight schools in NJ.